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This month, kids are heading back to class with their own sense of fashion on display. One must-have accessory is a backpack, soon to be overflowing with school essentials.
Backpacks are a school-day staple, toting everything from lunches to laptops. But many health professionals are concerned about the injuries they can cause. According to Andrew Casden, M.D., orthopedic surgeon and associate director of Beth Israel’s Spine Institute in New York City, overloaded backpacks can lead to posture problems, back and shoulder pain, fatigue, muscle irritation, and tiny muscle tears.
Why is backpack safety important?
Repetitive stress injuries caused by backpack misuse can result in costly doctor visits, even missed school. Backpack Safety America reports that 89 percent of chiropractors have seen children for backpack-related pain. Researchers say many kids carry packs that are too heavy, but that’s only part of the problem. How a backpack is worn is just as important as its weight, says Henry Chambers, M.D., of Rady Children’s Hospital San Diego. Read on for backpack basics.
Experts recommend a backpack’s weight not exceed 20 percent of the student’s body weight. That means 12 pounds is the maximum pack weight for a 60-pound child. If your child leans forward while wearing the pack or struggles to take it off, it’s probably too heavy.
Pack weight isn’t the only factor in back pain; backpack position is also important. Backpacks should be worn above the hips, researchers say, with maximum contact between the upper body and the pack.
“The optimal position for wearing a backpack is high on the upper-back, with straps over both shoulders,” says Alan Hargens, Ph.D., professor in the Department of Orthopedic Surgery at the UC San Diego School of Medicine. “Kids who wear their backpacks in the more stylish lower back position, or only use one strap, may suffer shoulder pain and posture problems.”
Look for a pack with wide, padded shoulder straps to help with weight distribution. Waist and chest straps are an added bonus, because they can help distribute the weight load (as long as your child actually uses them).
Is extra cargo dragging down the backpack? According to researchers, kids often carry unnecessary items that add to the pack’s weight, like laptops and music players. Even excess paper can add to an overburdened bag. Do periodic pack clean-outs to cut excess.
When large textbooks or laptops are a daily necessity, wheeled backpacks allow kids to tote heavy loads without straining their backs. Changing kids’ backpack habits can be tough, requiring effort and encouragement from parents as well as cooperation from teachers and school staff. Ultimately, most parents can’t dictate what kids will and won’t carry in their overstuffed packs. But parents can ease their burden by encouraging healthy backpack habits.
Malia Jacobson is an award-winning health and parenting journalist and mom of three.